What is Periodontics

Periodontics is a dental specialty that involves the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics of these structures and tissues.

Periodontal Disease

Your smile is the first impression that communicates your happiness and confidence. If you want to keep that winning smile out in front, you will want to take special care of what is behind it – your overall periodontal health.

Periodontal treatment is an investment in your total health. Treating periodontal problems will help you achieve a healthy mouth and help prevent tooth loss. In fact, with prompt treatment, proper home care, and regular dental visits, a great majority of patients can keep their teeth for a lifetime. After evaluating your periodontal health, Dr. Cornick will work with you to determine the treatment options that best meet your needs.

Scaling and Root Planing

Root planing and scaling is one of the most effective ways to treat gum disease before it becomes severe. Root planing and scaling clean the root surfaces to remove plaque and calculus [tartar] from deep periodontal pockets and to smooth the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins. In some cases a local anesthetic to numb your gums and roots of your teeth may need to be administered. The root surfaces on the tooth are then planed and smoothed. This lets the gum tissue heal and reattach itself to the tooth.

Dental Implants

Dental implants are changing the way people live and are one of the most important advances in modern dentistry. Implant dentistry offers a patient who is missing one, several, or all of their teeth an excellent alternative to partials or complete dentures. Dental implants provide the comfort, appearance, and function of natural teeth. Schedule your personalized precision consultation today and see what's possible for you.

Bone Grafting

Bone Grafting is the replacement or augmentation of the bone around the teeth. It is necessary to reverse the bone loss or destruction caused by periodontal disease, trauma, or ill fitting removable dentures. It is also used to augment bone to permit implant placement. When one loses a tooth, or has a tooth extracted, the surrounding bone collapses. To preserve this bone for future implant placement or for esthetics, a bone graft is used.

Gum Contouring

Many people have teeth that look too "short" due to the relationship between their teeth and gums. This creates a "gummy" smile. Gum contouring removes some of the tissue to eliminate a "gummy" smile. Gum Contouring involves trimming away excess gum tissue with a special laser which also seals blood vessels, keeping bleeding at a minimum. After the procedure takes place, the gum is left to heal and the results are most often immediate. In some cases where more gum tissue is removed, the healing process may take longer. Ultimately this procedure creates a consistent even gum line that results in a healthy, vibrant smile.

Crown Lengthening

Sometimes teeth are covered with too much gum tissue. When this occurs, Dr. Cornick can reshape any excess to expose more of the natural tooth – thus lengthening the crown. This procedure can be done to one tooth, to even your gum line or to several teeth to expose a natural, vibrant smile. Whether you have crown lengthening to improve function or esthetics, patients often receive the benefits of both. A beautiful new smile and improved periodontal health – your keys to smiling, eating and speaking with comfort and confidence.

Early Stages of Gingivitis

If caught early, gingivitis can be treated easily and effectively. Hard mineral deposits (tartar) above and below the gum line are a problem area that is usually addressed during treatment, as are areas where your gums are pulling away from your teeth and pockets have formed between your teeth and gums. Deeper pockets indicate severe gum disease. Paper strips may be inserted into the spaces between your teeth and gums to measure the amount of fluid present. The amount of fluid indicates how much swelling and inflammation you have. X-rays of your teeth may be taken to look for bone damage and other problems.

Pocket Reduction (flap surgery)

Your bone and gum tissue should fit snugly around your teeth like a turtleneck. When you have periodontal disease, the supporting tissue and bone is destroyed, forming "pockets" around the teeth. Over time, these pockets become deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to thrive. As bacteria accumulate and advance under the gum tissue in these deep pockets, additional bone and tissue loss follow. Eventually, if too much bone is lost, the teeth will need to be extracted.


Flap surgery is sometimes performed to remove tartar deposits in deep pockets or to reduce the periodontal pocket and make it easier for you or Dr. Cornick to keep the area clean. The flap procedure should cure your gum disease if you maintain good dental care after the surgery. Your gums should become pink and healthy again.

On-site Cone Beam

The Cone Beam Planmeca Promax is a state-of-the-art machine that allows the diagnosis and treatment planning of Implant Dentistry, Sinus procedures, TMJ analysis as well as many more anatomical considerations to be evaluated in the office. This technology was traditionally only found in hospital or medical radiology offices. We are excited to offer this technology in our office.